Types of Dumping Syndrome
The majority of patients suffering from dumping syndrome can improve their condition by simply making changes in their eating habits and diet.
Dumping syndrome is a common occurrence that can affect at least three in every 20 people that undergo a gastric bypass procedure. However, symptoms can vary dramatically because some patients will suffer from early dumping syndrome, while others will experience late dumping. Both types will affect the patient following the consumption of a meal, and will occur due to one of two reasons.
The early dumping phase is caused by a dense mass of food that is deposited earlier in the digestive period, directly into the small intestine. The more common of the two types, early dumping usually occurs within 15-30 minutes following the ingestion of a meal. Because it is dumped so early in the digestion stage, the intestines will recognize the concentration of food and begin to release gut hormones. As a defense, fluids that naturally circulate throughout the bloodstream will begin to fill the intestines, making them fuller and bloated, causing diarrhea. The intestines may also release substances that can cause a decrease in heart rate and blood pressure.
The symptoms of late dumping typically affect the patient 90 minutes to three hours after the consumption of a meal. The initial, rapid rise and surge of insulin and blood sugar can quickly lead to a very rapid decrease in blood sugar. Although early dumping is more common, one in four patients experiencing dumping syndrome will experience the symptoms of late dumping.